Fitness is an essential component of a healthy lifestyle. Physical fitness is a condition of well-being and good health and, more importantly, the capacity to do daily activities, jobs, sports and other physical activities with minimal exertion. Proper nutrition is an important factor in a healthy lifestyle. In particular, physical fitness is typically achieved through adequate rest, light-intensity physical activity, and proper nutritional intake.
The primary components of physical fitness include muscle mass and stamina, cardiovascular endurance, and flexibility. The key components of physical fitness are cardio: aerobic exercise (e.g., walking, bicycling, swimming) and resistance training (e.g., weightlifting). Muscle mass and stamina refers to how well your muscles are functioning. For example, a strong arm can be improved by performing push-ups, whereas an improved flexibility can be improved by stretching. Flexibility also refers to the way joints move.
Fitness exercises can range from light, easy stretches of the muscles to more strenuous, endurance-training exercises. An intense strength training will usually target the larger muscle groups in addition to the smaller, flexible ones. Examples of fitness exercises include running, lifting weights, doing crunches, bicep curls, leg curls, bench press, lunges, and squats. These exercises are very helpful in improving cardiovascular endurance and building muscle strength.
There are many benefits of following exercise routines such as regular workouts. Some of the known benefits of physical fitness regimes are improved bone density, increased metabolic rate, reduced risk of type II diabetes, reduced blood pressure, decreased fat, increased muscle strength, enhanced mental alertness, improved mood, increased energy, better eyesight, improved immune function and better cardiovascular fitness. All of these can have a significant positive effect on quality of life. Regular physical activity is also the main preventative treatment for osteoporosis and other bone related diseases. Physical activity may even reduce the risks of developing heart disease and cancer.
The amount of time you devote to fitness activities can have a direct effect on your health. In addition, people who engage in physical activity on a daily basis tend to live longer than those who do not. Research has shown that fitness activities can significantly reduce the risks of developing various types of cancer. Regular exercise helps improve the cardiovascular condition, which in turn may reduce the chances of developing heart disease or stroke. Physical activity can also help decrease the aging process.
Fitness is more than just a physical activity – it’s about maintaining a healthy mind, body and spirit. A strong mind and healthy body will affect your entire physical health. This includes your emotional well-being. Mental fitness can be defined as the capacity to effectively deal with stress and to achieve goals. The capacity to effectively manage stress, as well as maintaining positive moods, is an indicator of overall fitness.