Dental science, also referred to as dental medicine and orthopedic medicine, is a field of medical science that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, prevention and care of disorders, diseases, and injuries of the mouth. It includes a wide range of subspecialties which are orthodontics, pediatrics, endodontics, periodontics and oral radiology. It is believed that the human mouth is such an amazing construction and it is quite amazing that dental technologies are progressing at such an amazing rate all the time. Dental science also includes the application of technical skills in the field of dentistry to produce quality health systems and solutions.
We all know that dental care and oral hygiene are the two cornerstones of a healthy mouth and a healthy body. Dental hygiene also encompasses the prevention of disease and the promotion of health through early detection. Dental science strives to improve the overall health of a patient through education, prevention and management of dental problems. The goal of dental science is to provide endodontic, periodontal, prosthodontic and dental care that improves the quality of life and creates a sense of satisfaction with the smile that you possess.
Dental science utilizes the best techniques for diagnosing and treating many diseases of the teeth and mouth. These include periodontitis, gingivitis, caries, cavity infections and abscesses to name a few. The diseases that can be treated through dental surgery include malocclusion, malalignment, submucous fibroids, dislocations and fractures of the bones. The most common procedures used in dentistry include tooth extraction, tooth drilling and root canal therapy. Some dental surgeries also combine other procedures such as lumineers, veneers and crowns to enhance the overall look of a patient’s smile.
Dental cavity is the space within the tooth where food, bacteria, saliva and minerals are actively occupying. The decay of the teeth is the main cause for tooth decay. This process affects the tooth’s nerves and bone, which may result to loss of tooth. To prevent decay from progressing, cavities must be treated and an interdental toothpaste or mouthwash is applied to reduce further spread of infection. Brushing and flossing at least twice daily will help prevent cavities.
Dental implants are modern prosthetic devices that replace a lost tooth or teeth with natural-looking metal, ceramic or titanium prosthetics. Dental implants do not require any surgery and they do not deteriorate over time unlike loose teeth and dentures. A dental implant is considered as one of the best forms of prosthetics because it provides a natural look and feel and it can be easily integrated with the remaining teeth.
In summary, dental implants are dental prosthesis that serves to strengthen and decorate the jaws and restore their natural appearance. They play a vital role in providing functional and aesthetic benefits for patients with conditions like jaw disorders and cleft lips and palate. Dental implants help to overcome oral health problems such as gum disease, cavities, deficiencies of periodontal tissues and diseases of the skeletal and connective tissues. Moreover, they also reduce disabilities and improve life quality for patients with disabilities.